Microscopically visible rearrangements of chromosome 4p includes the two well known abnormalities: partial trisomy 4p, and deletions of the Wolf-Hirschhorn critical regions 1 and 2 (WHSCR 1 and WHSCR2, respectively), which cause well-defined phenotypes including minor anomalies, and developmental delay/intellectual disability. In contrast small duplications of 4p are rare but with the advent of microarray techniques a few cases have been reported in recent years. Here we describe a 3 Mb duplication at 4p16.3 segregating with a characteristic phenotype, macrocephaly, speech delay and mild intellectual disability in a three generation family.
American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part a, 2013, Vol 161, Issue 9, p. 2358-62