1 Natural History Museum of Denmark, Natural History Museum of Denmark, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet2 California Institute of Technology3 University of Hawai'i at Manoa4 Natural History Museum of Denmark, Natural History Museum of Denmark, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet
a new member of refractory silicates formed in the solar nebula
Dmisteinbergite, CaAlSiO with P63/mcm structure, was identified in a rounded coarse-grained igneous Type B2 Ca-,Al-rich inclusion (CAI) STP-1 from the Allende CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. STP-1 belongs to a very rare type of refractory inclusions, Fractionation and Unknown Nuclear effects (FUN) CAIs, which experienced melt evaporation and crystallization at low total gas pressure (P <10bar) in a high-temperature (>1200 °C) region, possibly near the proto-Sun and were subsequently radially transported away from region, possibly by a disk wind. The Allende dmisteinbergite occurs as irregular single crystals (100-600 mm in size) in contact with gehlenitic melilite and Al,Ti-diopside, poikilitically enclosing euhedral spinel, and rare anorthite. It is colorless and transparent. The mean chemical composition, determined by electron microprobe analysis, is (wt%) SiO 42.6, AlO 36.9, CaO 20.2, MgO 0.05, sum 99.75, giving rise to an empirical formula of CaAl SiO. Its electron backscatter diffraction patterns are a good match to that of synthetic CaAl SiO with the P6/mcm structure and the unit cell a = 5.10 Å, c = 14.72 Å, and Z = 2. Dmisteinbergite could have crystallized from a silicate melt at high temperature (∼1200-1400 °C) via rapid cooling. Dmisteinbergite in Allende, the first find in a meteorite, is a new member of refractory silicates, among the first solid materials formed in the solar nebula.
American Mineralogist, 2013, Vol 98, Issue 7, p. 1368-1371