1 Department of Learning and Philosophy, The Faculty of Humanities, Aalborg University, VBN2 The Techno-Anthropology Research Group, The Faculty of Humanities, Aalborg University, VBN3 The Faculty of Engineering and Science (ENG), Aalborg University, VBN4 Aalborg University Copenhagen, The Faculty of Humanities, Aalborg University, VBN5 Centre for Applied Ethics and Philosophy of Science, The Faculty of Humanities, Aalborg University, VBN
This paper examines the very disparate positions that various actors have taken towards the argument of subversion from within (a classical argument against the evolution of altruism by group selection) in a set of related debates on group selection, altruism and the handicap principle. Using this set of debates as a case study, this paper argues that different applications of epistemic values were one of the factors behind the disagreements between John Maynard Smith and Amotz Zahavi over a number of important evolutionary issues. The paper also argues that these different applications were connected to important epistemological differences related in part (but not solely) to their disciplinary background. Apart from conflicting evolutionary views concerning the theoretical feasibility of the handicap effect, these antagonists both differed in the confidence they ascribed to mathematical modeling and over the hereditary basis for altruistic behavior.
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 2013, Vol 44, Issue 3, p. 347-355