1 Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Amager and Hvidovre Hospital, The Capital Region of Denmark2 Klinisk Biokemisk Afdeling, Hvidovre Hospital3 unknown4 The Rockefeller University
benchmarking of six commercial trypsins
Tryptic digestion is an important component of most proteomics experiments, and trypsin is available from many sources with a cost that varies by more than 1000-fold. This high-mass-accuracy LC-MS study benchmarks six commercially available trypsins with respect to autolytic species and sequence specificity. The analysis of autolysis products led to the identification of a number of contaminating proteins and the generation of a list of peptide species that will be present in tryptic digests. Intriguingly, many of the autolysis products were nontryptic peptides, specifically peptides generated by C-terminal cleavage at asparagine residues. Both porcine and bovine trypsins were demonstrated to be tyrosine O-sulfated. Using both a label-free and a tandem mass tag (TMT) labeling approach, a comparison of the digestion of a standard protein mixture using the six trypsins demonstrated that, apart from the least expensive bovine trypsin, the trypsins were equally specific. The semitryptic activity led to a better sequence coverage for abundant substrates at the expense of low-abundance species. The label-free analysis was shown to be more sensitive to unique features from the individual digests that were lost in the TMT-multiplexing study.
Journal of Proteome Research, 2013, Vol 12, Issue 8, p. 3631-41