This paper discusses over the air (OTA) testing for multiple input multiple output (MIMO) capable terminals with emphasis on channel spatial characteristics emulation. A novel technique to obtain optimum power weights for the OTA probes based on convex optimization is proposed. The proposed technique emulates spatial correlation as well as introduces constraints on the maximum deviation between the target power azimuth spectrum (PAS) and the emulated PAS in terms of mean angle of arrival (AoA) and azimuth spread (AS). Simulation results show that the proposed emulation technique present better performance compared with existing techniques in the literature. This improvement is further demonstrated by measurement results in a practical MIMO OTA setup.
I E E E Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 2013, Vol 61, Issue 8, p. 4306-4314