1 Department of Photonics Engineering, Technical University of Denmark2 Plasmonics and Metamaterials, Department of Photonics Engineering, Technical University of Denmark3 University of Waterloo4 University of Toronto5 Politecnico di Milano6 University of Innsbruck7 University of Waterloo8 University of Toronto9 Politecnico di Milano10 University of Innsbruck
Creating miniature chip scale implementations of optical quantum information protocols is a dream for many in the quantum optics community. This is largely because of the promise of stability and scalability. Here we present a monolithically integratable chip architecture upon which is built a photonic device primitive called a Bragg reflection waveguide (BRW). Implemented in gallium arsenide, we show that, via the process of spontaneous parametric down conversion, the BRW is capable of directly producing polarization entangled photons without additional path difference compensation, spectral filtering or post-selection. After splitting the twin-photons immediately after they emerge from the chip, we perform a variety of correlation tests on the photon pairs and show non-classical behaviour in their polarization. Combined with the BRW's versatile architecture our results signify the BRW design as a serious contender on which to build large scale implementations of optical quantum processing devices.