With the consideration of line resistances in a dc microgrid, the current sharing accuracy is lowered down, since the dc output voltage cannot be exactly the same for different interfacing converters. Meanwhile, the dc bus voltage deviation is involved by using droop control. In this paper, a distributed secondary control method is proposed. Droop control is employed as the primary control method for load current sharing. Meanwhile, the dc output voltage and current in each module is transferred to the others by the low bandwidth communication (LBC) network. Average voltage and current controllers are used locally as the distributed secondary controllers in each converter to enhance the current sharing accuracy and restore the dc bus voltage simultaneously. All the controllers are realized locally and the LBC system is only used for changing the data of dc voltage and current. Thus, a decentralized control diagram is accomplished and the requirement of distributed configuration in a microgrid is satisfied. The experimental validation based on a 2×2.2 kW prototype was implemented to demonstrate the proposed approach.
Proceedings of the Ieee International Symposium on Industrial Electronics, 2013, p. 1-6
Droop control; low bandwidth communication; dc microgrid; current sharing accuracy; voltage deviation; secondary control
2013 IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics, 2013