1 Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark2 Electrofunctional materials, Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark3 Complesso Universitario di Monte Sant’Angelo
Amorphous-LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interfaces present metallic conductivity similar to those found in their all-crystalline counterparts. Here, the conductivity of amorphous-LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interfaces is modified by an external electric field applied in-situ with a biased truncated cone electrode (−10 V ≤ Vbias ≤ 20 V) during film growth. By modulating the charge balance of the arriving plasma species, interfacial conduction of the amorphous-LaAlO3/SrTiO3 heterostructures shifts from metallic to insulating via a semiconducting-like characteristic transport mode. This remarkable behavior is explained by a modification of the Al-ion flux impinging the SrTiO3 surface, which alters the amount of near-interface oxygen vacancies being formed at the SrTiO3 surface.