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1 Department of Civil Engineering, Technical University of Denmark 2 Section for Indoor Environment, Department of Civil Engineering, Technical University of Denmark 3 Sugiyama Jogakuen University 4 Nagoya Institute of Technology 5 Gifu University 6 Shinshu University 7 Kyushu Sangyo University 8 University of Hyogo 9 Graduate School of Kyoto Prefectural University 10 Gifu University 11 Kyushu Sangyo University
In order to manage the outdoor thermal environment with regard to human health and the environmental impact of waste heat, quantitative evaluations are indispensable. It is necessary to use a thermal environment evaluation index. The purpose of this paper is to clarify the relationship between the psychological thermal responses of the human body and winter outdoor thermal environment variables. Subjective experiments were conducted in the winter outdoor environment. Environmental factors and human psychological responses were measured. The relationship between the psychological thermal responses of the human body and the outdoor thermal environment index ETFe (enhanced conduction-corrected modified effective temperature) in winter was shown. The variables which influence the thermal sensation vote of the human body are air temperature, long-wave thermal radiation and short-wave solar radiation. The variables that influence the thermal comfort vote of the human body are air temperature, humidity, short-wave solar radiation, long-wave thermal radiation, and heat conduction. Short-wave solar radiation, and heat conduction are among the winter outdoor thermal environment variables that affect psychological responses to heat. The use of thermal environment evaluation indices that comprise short-wave solar radiation and heat conduction in winter outdoor spaces is a valid approach. © 2013 Yoshihito Kurazumi et al.
Journal of Environmental and Public Health, 2013, Vol 2013
Body Temperature Regulation; Environment; Female; Humans; Japan; Models, Theoretical; Seasons; Temperature; Thermosensing; Weather; Young Adult; air temperature; article; environmental factor; environmental impact; human; humidity; priority journal; sensation; solar radiation; temperature; weather; winter
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