Chirally modified Pt catalysts are used in the heterogeneous asymmetric hydrogenation of α-ketoesters. Stereoinduction is believed to occur through the formation of chemisorbed modifier–substrate complexes. In this study, the formation of diastereomeric complexes by coadsorbed methyl 3,3,3-trifluoropyruvate, MTFP, and (R)-(+)-1-(1-naphthyl)ethylamine, (R)-NEA, on Pt(111) was studied using scanning tunneling microscopy and density functional theory methods. Individual complexes were imaged with sub-molecular resolution at 260 K and at room temperature. The calculations find that the most stable complex isolated in room-temperature experiments is formed by the minority rotamer of (R)-NEA and pro-S MTFP. The stereodirecting forces in this complex are identified as a combination of site-specific chemisorption of MTFP and multiple non-covalent attractive interactions between the carbonyl groups of MTFP and the amine and aromatic groups of (R)-NEA.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2013, Vol 135, Issue 27, p. 9999-10002