Heart valve diseases are common with an estimated prevalence of 2.5% in the Western world. The number is rising due to an ageing population. Once symptomatic, heart valve diseases are potentially lethal, and heavily influence daily living and quality of life. Surgical treatment, either valve replacement or repair, remains the treatment of choice. However, post surgery, the transition to daily living may become a physical, mental and social challenge. We hypothesise that a comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation programme can improve physical capacity and self-assessed mental health and reduce hospitalisation and healthcare costs after heart valve surgery.
Trials, 2013, Vol 14, Issue 1, p. 1-14
Cardiac Surgical Procedures; Clinical Protocols; Combined Modality Therapy; Cost-Benefit Analysis; Denmark; Exercise Test; Exercise Therapy; Health Care Costs; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice; Heart Valve Diseases; Humans; Mental Health; Oxygen Consumption; Patient Education as Topic; Postoperative Care; Questionnaires; Recovery of Function; Referral and Consultation; Research Design; Time Factors; Treatment Outcome; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; rehabilitation