Trypanosoma cruzi is a protozoan that causes Chagas' disease, a neglected infectious illness that affects millions of people, mostly in Latin America. Here, the cell surface subproteome of the T. cruzi epimastigote life form was characterized. In order to prepare samples enriched in epimastigote plasma membrane protein, two distinct methodologies were optimized and evaluated. The first methodology was based on cell surface trypsinization (Shave) of intact living cells while the second approach used biotinylation of cell surface proteins followed by streptavidin affinity chromatography isolation of the labeled proteins. Both T. cruzi subproteomes were analyzed by LC-MS/MS. The results showed that the methodologies offered comprehensive and complementary information about the parasite's plasma membrane subproteome.
Journal of Proteome Research, 2013, Vol 12, Issue 7