1 Department of Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark2 Hearing Systems, Department of Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark3 Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg
The hearing thresholds of normal hearing listeners often show quasi-periodic variations when measured with a high frequency resolution. This hearing threshold fine structure is related to other frequency specific variations in the perception of sound such as loudness and amplitude modulated tones at low intensities. The detection threshold of a pulsed tone also depends not only on the pulse duration, but also on the position of its frequency within threshold fine structure. The present study investigates if psychoacoustical data on detection of a pulsed tone can be explained with a nonlinear and active transmission line cochlea model. The model was successfully applied to other psychoacoustical data at low intensities, various types of otoacoustic emissions and physiological data. The simulations show differences in detection thresholds for tones placed in a minimum or a maximum of the fine structure, but lack a decrease of thresholds with increased pulse duration. The model was extended by including a temporal integrator which introduces a low-pass behavior of the data with different slopes of the predicted threshold curves, producing good agreement with the data. On the basis of the model simulations, it will be discussed to which extent temporal and spectral aspects contribute to the data.