AIM: We investigated postprandial glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) responses in pregnant women with and without gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and again following delivery when normal glucose tolerance (NGT) was re-established. METHODS: Eleven women with GDM [plasma glucose (PG) concentration at 120 min after a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT): 10.0 ± 0.9 mM (mean ± SD); age: 31 ± 6 years; body mass index (BMI): 31.6 ± 6.4 kg/m(2) ; haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c): 5.6 ± 0.5%] and eight pregnant women with NGT (PG120min, OGTT : 5.7 ± 0.7 mM; age: 28 ± 3 years; BMI: 29.7 ± 5.4 kg/m(2) ; HbA1c: 5.4 ± 0.3%) were investigated with a 4-h liquid meal test during third trimester (TT) and 3-4 months postpartum (PP). All patients with GDM re-established NGT following delivery. RESULTS: Pregnancy was associated with low postprandial GLP-1 responses. Patients with GDM exhibited reduced postprandial GLP-1 responses compared to their PP levels [area under curve (AUC): 5.5 ± 1.3 vs. 8.4 ± 3.2 nM × min, p=0.005], but the difference among NGT women (7.3 ± 2.8 vs. 8.8 ± 2.0 nM × min, p=0.066) was not statistically significant. Pregnancy did not influence postprandial responses of the other incretin hormone glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) in any of the groups, but GDM patients were characterized by greater postprandial GIP responses during both TT and PP compared to NGT subjects. CONCLUSIONS: Pregnancy is associated with reduced postprandial GLP-1 responses (most pronounced in patients with GDM) that normalize after delivery. In contrast, postprandial GIP responses seem unaffected by pregnancy but is increased in GDM patients.
Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, 2013, Vol 15, Issue 8, p. 713-720
Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't