1 Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark2 Chinese Academy of Sciences3 University of Toronto4 Oak Ridge National Laboratory5 Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark6 Canadian Neutron Beam Centre7 Rice University8 University of Tennessee9 University of Toronto10 Oak Ridge National Laboratory11 Rice University
We study the structural and magnetic orders in electron-doped BaFe2-xNixAs2 by high-resolution synchrotron x-ray and neutron scatterings. Upon Ni doping x, the nearly simultaneous tetragonal-to-orthorhombic structural (Ts) and antiferromagnetic (NT) phase transitions in BaFe2As2 are gradually suppressed and separated, resulting in sNT>T with increasing x, as was previously observed. However, the temperature separation between sT and NT decreases with increasing x for x≥0.065, tending toward a quantum bicritical point near optimal superconductivity at x≈0.1. The zero-temperature transition is preempted by the formation of a secondary incommensurate magnetic phase in the region 0.088≲x≲0.104, resulting in a finite value of NT≈cT+10 K above the superconducting dome around x≈0.1. Our results imply an avoided quantum critical point, which is expected to strongly influence the properties of both the normal and superconducting states.