1 Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark2 Urban Water Engineering, Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark3 Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, Technical University of Denmark4 Dynamical Systems, Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, Technical University of Denmark
Real time control is considered a mean to efficiently improve the performance of urban drainage systems. A globally optimal utilisation of e.g. storage volume in basins can best be achieved by considering runoff forecasts in the decision setup. These forecasts, however, are subject to significant uncertainty. This uncertainty should be considered in the decision making. An approach that incorporates stochastic multistep runoff predictions from so-called greybox models into a real time control setup is presented. These models provide a dynamic description of forecast uncertainties and they simultaneously allow a continuous adaption of the model states to observed runoff. Methods for generating stochastic forecasts and incorporating these into the decision making framework are described. Using two sample events, the forecast quality is compared to state-of-the-art deterministic forecasting models and the effect on control decisions and the resulting overflow volume is evaluated. We can demonstrate potential of the stochastic models but identify a need for model adaptivity and modified model structures that allow for a more general modelling of forecast uncertainties.
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8th International Conference on Planning and Technologies for Sustainable Urban Water Management, 2013