1 Power Electronic Systems, The Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, VBN2 Department of Energy Technology, The Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, VBN3 The Faculty of Engineering and Science (ENG), Aalborg University, VBN4 Nanyang Technological University5 Nanyang Technological University
This paper proposes a multiple-input versatile matrix converter (VMC) for integrating hybrid ac/dc energy resources and storages to the power grid. The VMC is developed from the traditional indirect matrix converter but operates in the reverse-boost mode rather than in the forward-buck mode. The reverse-boost mode is more relevant here since most renewable sources and energy storages have lower voltages than the grid. The eventual VMC developed uses an alternative nine-switch converter, rather than usual six-switch voltage-source converter, for providing six input terminals in total. One three-phase ac source and three dc sources, or other source combinations, can therefore be connected to the VMC. Powers from these sources are channeled to the three-phase utility grid through the VMC's current-source inverter. Their proper dispatches are guaranteed by the proposed control and modulation schemes, which also help maintain near-sinusoidal input and output current waveforms. Mathematical proofs, simulation, and experimental results have shown that the VMC can indeed operate as intended.
I E E E Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 2013, Vol 60, Issue 12, p. 5696-5707
Direct power conversion; grid integration; hybrid ac/dc resources; versatile matrix converter (VMC); Grid integration; Hybrid ac/dc resources