results of the European Heart Rhythm Association survey
The purpose of this EHRA survey was to examine the current clinical practice of screening and risk evaluation for sudden cardiac death in ischaemic and non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy with a focus on selection of candidates for implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy, timing of ICD implantation, and use of non-invasive and invasive diagnostic tests across Europe. A systematic screening programme for sudden cardiac death existed in 19 out of 31 centres (61.3%). Implantation of ICDs according to the inclusion criteria of MADIT-II and SCD-HeFT trials was reported in 30 and 29% of centres, respectively, followed by MADIT-CRT (18%), COMPANION (16%), and combined MADIT and MUSTT (7%) indications. In patients with severe renal impairment, ICD implantation for primary prevention of sudden death was always avoided in 8 centres (33.3%), was not used only if creatinine level was >2.5 mg/dL in 10 centres (32.2%), and in patients with permanent dialysis in 8 centres (33.3%). Signal-averaged electrocardiography and heart rate variability were never considered as risk stratification tools in 23 centres (74.2%). Implantation of a loop recorder was performed in patients with borderline indications for ICD therapy in 6 centres (19.4%), for research purposes in 5 (16.1%), and was never performed in 20 (64.5%) centres. In conclusion, the majority of participating European centres have a screening programme for sudden cardiac death and the selection of candidates for ICD therapy was mainly based on the clinical risk stratification and not on non-invasive and invasive diagnostic tests or implantable loop recorder use.
Europace, 2013, Vol 15, Issue 7, p. 1059-1062
Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Cardiomyopathies; Death, Sudden, Cardiac; Defibrillators, Implantable; Electric Countershock; Europe; Health Care Surveys; Humans; Mass Screening; Myocardial Ischemia; Patient Selection; Predictive Value of Tests; Risk Assessment; Risk Factors