Modern wind turbine controllers use wind speed information to improve power production and reduce loads on the turbine components. The turbine top wind speed measurement is unfortunately imprecise and not a good representative of the rotor effective wind speed. Consequently, many different model-based algorithms have been proposed that are able to estimate the wind speed using common turbine measurements. In this paper, we present a concise yet comprehensive analysis and comparison of these techniques, reviewing their advantages and drawbacks. We implement these techniques and compare the results on both aero-servo-elastic turbine simulations and real turbine field experiments in different wind scenarios.
I E E E Transactions on Control Systems Technology, 2013, Vol 21, Issue 4, p. 1155-1167