We have in this study investigated the composition, structure and spectroscopical properties of multilamellar vesicles composed of a phospholipid, 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC), and up to 10mol% of triolein (TO), a triglyceride. We found in agreement with previous results that the mixtures with 10mol% TO spontaneously separate into two distinct phases, heavy (HF) and light (LF), with different densities and found this also to be the case for 2 and 5mol% TO. The compositions of the two phases were investigated by quantitative lipid mass spectrometric analysis, and with this method we found that TO had a solubility maximum of about 4mol% in the HF, whereas it was markedly up-concentrated in the LF. Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy indicated POPC membranes of all tested concentrations of TO in both phases to be almost unperturbed by the presence of TO and to exist as vesicular structures containing entrapped water. Bilayer structure of the membranes was supported by small angle X-ray scattering that showed the membranes to form a lamellar phase. Fluorescence spectroscopy with the polarity sensitive dye Nile red revealed, that the LF samples with more than 5mol% TO contained pure TO domains. These observations are consistent with an earlier MD simulation study by us and our co-workers suggesting triglycerides to be located in lens shaped, blister-like domains between the two lipid bilayer leaflets (Khandelia et al. (2010) ).
Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta (bba)/biomembranes, 2013, Vol 1828, Issue 8, p. 1909-1917
Phospholipids; Triglyceride domains; Fluorescence spectroscopy; EPR; SAXS; Mass spectrometry; Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy; Lipid Bilayers; Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy; Phosphatidylcholines; Scattering, Small Angle; Spectrometry, Fluorescence; Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization; Triglycerides; Triolein