Thorborg, Kristian1; Petersen, Jesper5; Nielsen, Michael Bachmann4; Hölmich, Per2
1 Ortopædkirurgisk Afdeling AMH, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Amager and Hvidovre Hospital, The Capital Region of Denmark2 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Amager and Hvidovre Hospital, The Capital Region of Denmark3 Department of Physical Therapy, Amager and Hvidovre Hospital, The Capital Region of Denmark4 Radiologisk Klinik, Diagnostisk Center, Rigshospitalet, The Capital Region of Denmark5 unknown
a case-report of a soccer player
BACKGROUND: Non-operative treatment of acute hip adductor longus ruptures in athletes has been described in the literature. However, very limited information concerning the recovery of this type of injury exists. This case represented a unique possibility to study the recovery of two acute adductor longus ruptures, using novel, reliable and validated assessment methods. CASE PRESENTATION: A 22-year old male soccer player (Caucasian) sustained two subsequent acute adductor longus ruptures, one in each leg. The injuries occurred 10 months apart, and were treated non-surgically in both situations. He was evaluated using hip-strength assessments, self-report and ultrasonography until complete muscle-strength recovery of the hip adductors had occurred. The player was able to participate in a full soccer training session without experiencing pain 15 weeks after the first rupture, and 12 weeks after the second rupture. Full hip adductor muscle-strength recovery was obtained 52 weeks after the first rupture and 10 weeks after the second rupture. The adductor longus injuries, as verified by initial ultrasonography (10 days post-injury), showed evidence of a complete tendon rupture in both cases, with an almost identical imaging appearance. It was only at 6 and 10 weeks ultrasonographic follow-up that the first rupture was found to include a larger anatomical area than the second rupture. CONCLUSION: From this case we can conclude that two apparently similar hip adductor longus ruptures, verified by initial ultrasonography (10 days post-injury), can have very different hip adductor strength recovery times. Assessment of adductor strength recovery may therefore in the future be a useful and important additional measure for determining when soccer players with hip adductor longus ruptures can return safely to play.