1 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Science and Technology, Aarhus University2 Teoretisk naturvidenskab, Aarhus University, Aarhus University3 The University of Electro-Communications4 National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute,”5 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Science and Technology, Aarhus University
The weak-field asymptotic theory (WFAT) of tunneling ionization in a static electric field is developed to the next order in field. The first-order corrections to the ionization rate and transverse momentum distribution of the ionized electrons are derived. This extends the region of applicability of the WFAT at the quantitative level toward stronger fields, practically up to the boundary between tunneling and over-the-barrier regimes of ionization. The results apply to any atom or molecule treated in the single-active-electron and frozen-nuclei approximations. The theory is illustrated by calculations for hydrogen and noble-gas atoms.
Physical Review a (atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics), 2013, Vol 87, Issue 4