Mitochondrial myopathies commonly present with exercise intolerance typified by breathlessness and fatigue on exercise. In contrast, exercise-induced rhabdomyolysis and myoglobinuria occur rarely. We present a 43-year-old man with a lifelong history of exercise intolerance associated with myalgia and recurrent episodes of exercise-induced myoglobinuria. From early childhood, he had weekly episodes of myoglobinuria, which became infrequent (every 3 months) as an adult. Carnitine transporter defect was suspected, because carnitine levels were low in muscle. During childhood, he was treated with carnitine (4-5 g daily), but without effect. With the advent of acylcarnitines, profiles mimicking but not diagnostic for multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MADD) were found. This led to treatment with riboflavin (100 mg/day for 3 years), again without effect. Clinical examination, including echocardiography, revealed no signs of involvement from other organs, and all relatives were asymptomatic.
Neurology, 2013, Vol 80, Issue 20, p. 1908-1910
Adult; Carnitine; DNA, Mitochondrial; Electron Transport Complex IV; Humans; Male; Mutation; Myoglobinuria; Recurrence; Case Reports; Journal Article