Neurexins and neuroligins are synaptic cell adhesion molecules. Neurexins are primary located on the presynaptic membrane, whereas neuroligins are strictly postsynaptic proteins. Since their discovery, the knowledge of neurexins and neuroligins has expanded, implicating them in various neuronal processes, including the differentiation, maturation, stabilization, and plasticity of both inhibitory and excitatory synapses. Here, we review the most recent results regarding the structure and function of these cell adhesion molecules.
Neurochemical Research, 2013, Vol 38, Issue 6, p. 1174-89
Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review; Alternative Splicing; Animals; Cell Adhesion Molecules, Neuronal; Child Development Disorders, Pervasive; GABAergic Neurons; Humans; Nerve Tissue Proteins; Protein Conformation; Schizophrenia; Synapses