This review outlines the pearls and pitfalls of calcitonin-gene related protein (CGRP) immunohistochemistry of the brain. PEARLS: In 1985, CGRP was first described in cerebral arteries using immunohistochemistry. Since then, cerebral CGRP (and, using novel antibodies, its receptor components) has been widely scrutinized. Here, we describe the distribution of cerebral CGRP and pay special attention to the surprising reliability of results over time. PITFALLS: Pitfalls might include a fixation procedure, antibody clone and dilution, and interpretation of results. Standardization of staining protocols and true quantitative methods are lacking. The use of computerized image analysis has led us to believe that our examination is objective. However, in the steps of performing such an analysis, we make subjective choices. By pointing out these pitfalls, we aim to further improve immunohistochemical quality.
Cephalalgia, 2013, Vol 33, Issue 8, p. 593-603
Animals; Artifacts; Brain; Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide; Cerebral Arteries; Humans; Immunohistochemistry; Migraine Disorders; Reproducibility of Results; Sensitivity and Specificity; Staining and Labeling; Journal Article; Review