The existing electricity infrastructure may to a great extent limit a high penetration of micro-sized Distributed Energy Rescores (DERs), due to physical bottlenecks, e.g. load capacities of cables and transformers and voltage limitations. In this study, integration impacts of heat pumps (HPs) and electric vehicles (EVs) at 100% penetration level on a representative urban residential low voltage (LV) distribution network of Denmark are investigated by performing a steady-state load flow analysis. Three DERs integration strategies, namely uncontrolled operation, half-direct controlled operation (the direct control only applies on HPs) and full-direct controlled operation (the direct control applies on both EVs and HPs), are modelled and simulated. The quantitative analysis proves that, by implementing a simple merit of order control strategy to manage congestions, having 100% integration of DER in the provided LV network is feasible.
Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Microgeneration and Related Technologies, 2013
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3rd International Conference on Microgeneration and Related Technologies, 2013