1 Department of Photonics Engineering, Technical University of Denmark2 Nanophotonics Theory and Signal Processing, Department of Photonics Engineering, Technical University of Denmark3 Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
We introduce the photonic trumpet, a dielectric structure which ensures a nearly perfect coupling between an embedded quantum light source and a Gaussian free-space beam. A photonic trumpet exploits both the broadband spontaneous emission control provided by a single-mode photonic wire and the expansion of this mode within a conical taper. Numerical simulations highlight the performance and robustness of this concept. As a first application in the field of quantum optics, we report the realization of an ultrabright single-photon source. The device, a high aspect ratio GaAs photonic trumpet containing a few InAs quantum dots, demonstrates a first-lens external efficiency of 0.75±0.1 and an external coupling efficiency to a Gaussian beam as high as 0.58±0.08.