Alcohol is the most acknowledged risk factor for liver cirrhosis. Smoking is rarely considered to be a cause of liver cirrhosis even though a few studies have suggested the opposite. The aim of this study was to assess the independent effect of smoking on alcoholic liver cirrhosis and liver cirrhosis in general.
Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology. Supplement, 2013, Vol 48, Issue 5, p. 585-91