Nielsen, Per Kær1; Gregersen, Niels1; Mørk, Jesper1
1 Department of Photonics Engineering, Technical University of Denmark2 Nanophotonics Theory and Signal Processing, Department of Photonics Engineering, Technical University of Denmark
A solid-state single-photon source emitting indistinguishable photons on-demand is an essential component of linear optics quantum computing schemes. However, the emitter will inevitably interact with the solid-state environment causing decoherence and loss of indistinguishability. In this paper, we present a comprehensive theoretical treatment of the influence of phonon scattering on the coherence properties of single photons emitted from semiconductor quantum dots. We model decoherence using a full microscopic theory and compare with standard Markovian approximations employing Lindblad-type relaxation terms. Significant differences between the two approaches are found.