1 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Science and Technology, Aarhus University2 University of New South Wales, Sydney3 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)4 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Science and Technology, Aarhus University
We directly measure the band structure of a buried two dimensional electron gas (2DEG) using angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy. The buried 2DEG forms 2 nm beneath the surface of p-type silicon, because of a dense delta-type layer of phosphorus n-type dopants which have been placed there. The position of the phosphorous layer is beyond the probing depth of the photoemission experiment but the observation of the 2DEG is nevertheless possible at certain photon energies where emission from the states is resonantly enhanced. This permits direct access to the band structure of the 2DEG and its temperature dependence.