1 Electrofunctional materials, Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark2 Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark3 Department of Wind Energy, Technical University of Denmark4 Materials science and characterization, Department of Wind Energy, Technical University of Denmark5 Beijing University of Technology6 Beijing University of Technology
The microstructure and crystallographic texture have been investigated in a Cu–45 at.%Ni alloy after heavy rolling and subsequent annealing at different temperatures. Cold-rolling to a von Mises strain of 5.7 produced a sample with an average boundary spacing along the normal direction of ~70 nm and a large fraction of high-angle boundaries (HABs), ~70 %. Annealing of this sample for 1 h at temperatures ≤450 °C causes structural coarsening, during which the fraction of HABs decreases. Annealing at higher temperatures results in pronounced discontinuous recrystallization accompanied by twinning. Large frequencies of twin boundaries contribute to high HAB fractions measured in the as-recrystallized condition. Cube-oriented grains demonstrate a size advantage compared to grains of other orientations, thus creating a strong cube texture in the recrystallized material. Further annealing of the recrystallized microstructure promotes grain growth, which leads to a significant strengthening of the cube texture and to a dramatic loss of HABs. After 1 h of annealing at 1000 °C the fraction of the cube texture reaches 99 % and the HAB fraction is 12 %.
Journal of Materials Science, 2013, Vol 48, Issue 12, p. 4183-4190