BACKGROUND: The authors studied injury mortality in Denmark among refugees and immigrants compared with that among native Danes. METHOD: A register-based, historical prospective cohort design. All refugees (n=29¿139) and family reunited immigrants (n=27¿134) who between 1 January 1993 and 31 December 1999 received residence permission were included and matched 1:4 on age and sex with native Danes. Civil registration numbers were cross-linked to the Register of Causes of Death, and fatalities due to unintentional and intentional injuries were identified based on ICD-10 diagnosis. Sex-specific mortality ratios were estimated by migrant status and region of birth, adjusting for age and income and using a Cox regression model after a median follow-up of 11-12 years. RESULTS: Compared with native Danes, both female (RR=0.44; 95% CI 0.23 to 0.83) and male (RR=0.40; 95% CI 0.29 to 0.56) refugees as well as female (RR=0.40; 95% CI 0.21 to 0.76) and male (RR=0.22; 95% CI 0.12 to 0.42) immigrants had significantly lower mortality from unintentional injuries. Suicide rates were significantly lower for male refugees (RR=0.38; 95% CI 0.24 to 0.61) and male immigrants (RR=0.24; 95% CI 0.10 to 0.59), whereas their female counterparts showed no significant differences. Only immigrant women had a significantly higher homicide rate (RR=3.09; 95% CI 1.11 to 8.60) compared with native Danes. CONCLUSIONS: Overall results were advantageous to migrant groups. Research efforts should concentrate on investigating protective factors among migrants, which may benefit injury prevention in the majority population.
Injury Prevention : Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention, 2012, Vol 19, Issue 2, p. 100-105
ETHNIC-GROUPS SUICIDE NETHERLANDS POPULATION DANISH INEQUALITIES COUNTRIES RELIGION GERMANY ACCESS