1 Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet2 Humboldt-University Berlin3 Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet
Statistical inference for discrete time observations of an affine stochastic delay differential equation is considered. The main focus is on maximum pseudo-likelihood estimators, which are easy to calculate in practice. A more general class of prediction-based estimating functions is investigated as well. In particular, the optimal prediction-based estimating function and the asymptotic properties of the estimators are derived. The maximum pseudo-likelihood estimator is a particular case, and an expression is found for the efficiency loss when using the maximum pseudo-likelihood estimator, rather than the computationally more involved optimal prediction-based estimator. The distribution of the pseudo-likelihood estimator is investigated in a simulation study. Two examples of affine stochastic delay equation are considered in detail.