Accurate sea level trend determination is fundamentally related to calibration of both the instrument as well as to investigate if there are linear trends in the set of standard geophysical and range corrections applied to the sea level observations. Long term changes in range corrections can leak into the observed sea level record and be interpreted as part of the sea level trend. Particularly if these exhibit anomalous trend close to the satellite calibration sites.Long term changes in the routinely applied TOPEX/Jason corrections as well as their changes in coastal regions are investigated at four altimetry calibration sites: Bass Strait, Corsica, Gavdos and platform Harvest. Furthermore, alternative corrections are tested to investigate if the use of a different set of corrections will lead to different local and regional sea level changes at those sites. The results show that no significant linear trends in the sum of range corrections are found for the calibrations sites both for local scales (within 50km around the selected site) and for regional scales (within 300km). However, the geophysical corrections accounting for atmospheric pressure loading and high frequency sea level variations (dynamic atmosphere correction) that is frequently applied to in situ gauge and the altimeter observations should be considered with care for calibration with in situ observations. Over the 18years (1993–2010), the dynamic atmosphere correction shows a regional trend close to 1mm/year at both Mediterranean sites (Corsica and Gavdos).
Advances in Space Research, 2013, Vol 51, Issue 8, p. 1468-1477
Satellite altimetry; Sea level trend; Geophysical and range corrections; Troposphere; Sea state bias; Tides
Main Research Area:
Satellite Altimetry Calibration and Deformation Monitoring using GNSS, 2013