a survey of organization, activities and drug selection procedures
To implement rational pharmacotherapy in hospitals, it is important to develop, implement and evaluate hospital drug formularies (HDFs). A report from Denmark recommended standardizing activities of the drug and therapeutics committees (DTCs) in Denmark, but little is known about their current organization. The aim of the study was to describe the organization of DTCs in Denmark, how HDFs are developed and implemented, and to what extent policies that support the use of HDFs exist. A questionnaire was developed based on previous research and guidelines and contained 20 questions, which were divided into the following subjects: structure, activities, drug selection and implementation. The questionnaire was sent to the chairmen of the nine DTCs in Denmark. The response rate was 100% (9/9). The DTCs varied in structure and activities; meetings were held between 2 and 6 times annually, and the duration of the meetings lasted between 1 and 2.5 hr. Eight (89%) DTCs developed HDFs, policies and guidelines (P&Gs) that supported the use of HDFs. Eight (89%) had established criteria for inclusion of drugs on the HDFs, and seven had developed criteria for generic substitution and therapeutic interchange. The number of trade names on the HDFs varied between 116 and 1195. The nine DTCs in Denmark varied considerably regarding structure and activity. The main activity was to develop formularies, and most of the committees developed policies that supported medication use.
Basic and Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, 2013, Vol 112, Issue 4, p. 264-269
Cross-Sectional Studies Denmark Drug Substitution Drug Therapy/*standards *Formularies, Hospital *Guidelines as Topic Humans Organizational Policy Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee/*organization & administration Questionnaires Time Factors; Cross-Sectional Studies; Denmark; Drug Substitution; Drug Therapy; Formularies, Hospital; Guidelines as Topic; Humans; Organizational Policy; Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee; Questionnaires; Time Factors