The photosynthetic response was investigated on Chrysanthemum morifolium under dynamic light conditions in the 20-35 A degrees C temperature range to evaluate the effect of climatic variables on photosynthetic induction. The plant material was grown under uniform, controlled conditions and its gas exchange was analyzed. The gas exchange measurements were used to investigate the rate of induction, momentary induction state, and the opening of stomata. At the varying temperature ranges and under dynamic light conditions, C. morifolium reached a quasi-steady-state induction equilibrium (ISeq(PAR,T)) within 14-45 min. For the same level of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR), the equilibrated level of steady-state induction increased as the temperature increased. It was highest approximately at 30 A degrees C. The induction state was equilibrated at a lower level as the temperature increased to 35 A degrees C. The interaction effect of PAR and temperature on induction state was not significant. The rate of photosynthetic induction and the time required at which the induction reached its 90 % value (t (90)) was influenced by PAR significantly. The light history of a leaf had a significant effect on t (90), indicating that the time to reach a steady-state induction is different depending on the light environment and the period at which the leaf was exposed to light. The velocity of the photosynthetic induction was not affected by the temperature. It was associated with stomatal conductance of the leaf prior to the onset of light (g (Sini)).
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 2013, Vol 35, Issue 4, p. 1179-1188