OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of single nucleotide polymorphisms in CYP2C8, LPIN1, PPARGC1A and PPARγ on rosiglitazone's (i) trough steady-state plasma concentration (C(ss,min)), (ii) on glycosylated haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and (iii) the risk of developing adverse events, mainly oedema, in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). METHODS: The data used in this study were obtained from the South Danish Diabetes Study including 371 T2D patients with a focus on the 187 patients who were treated with rosiglitazone. The study was a placebo-controlled, partly blinded and multicentre clinical trial. The C(ss,min) of rosiglitazone and HbA1c was determined and the genotype of the patients was identified. RESULTS: The mean C(ss,min) of rosiglitazone was 21.3 ng/ml (95% confidence interval 18.8; 24.2 ng/ml), with observations ranging from 1 to 296 ng/ml. Carriers of CYP2C8*3 (n=32) (rs10509681 and rs11572080) had a statistically significantly lower mean C(ss,min) than wild types (n=106), and they also had a statistically significantly lower mean absolute difference in HbA1c during rosiglitazone treatment. Finally, the carriers of CYP2C8*3 had a lower odds ratio of developing oedema. CONCLUSION: We showed that CYP2C8*3 was associated with lower plasma levels of rosiglitazone and hence a reduced therapeutic response but also a lower risk of developing oedema during treatment with rosiglitazone. Individualized treatment with rosiglitazone on the basis of the CYP2C8 genotype may therefore be possible.
Pharmacogenetics and Genomics, 2013, Vol 23, Issue 4, p. 219-27
Aged; Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases; Biomarkers, Pharmacological; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2; Edema; Female; Genetic Association Studies; Heat-Shock Proteins; Hemoglobin A, Glycosylated; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; PPAR gamma; Phosphatidate Phosphatase; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Thiazolidinediones; Transcription Factors