Recent advances in the identification of susceptibility genes and environmental exposures provide broad support for a post-infectious autoimmune basis for narcolepsy/hypocretin (orexin) deficiency. We genotyped loci associated with other autoimmune and inflammatory diseases in 1,886 individuals with hypocretin-deficient narcolepsy and 10,421 controls, all of European ancestry, using a custom genotyping array (ImmunoChip). Three loci located outside the Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) region on chromosome 6 were significantly associated with disease risk. In addition to a strong signal in the T cell receptor alpha (TRA@), variants in two additional narcolepsy loci, Cathepsin H (CTSH) and Tumor necrosis factor (ligand) superfamily member 4 (TNFSF4, also called OX40L), attained genome-wide significance. These findings underline the importance of antigen presentation by HLA Class II to T cells in the pathophysiology of this autoimmune disease.
P L O S Genetics (online), 2013, Vol 9, Issue 2
Antigen Presentation; Autoimmune Diseases; European Continental Ancestry Group; Genetic Association Studies; HLA Antigens; Humans; Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; Narcolepsy; Neuropeptides; Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't