It is widely agreed that an intelligent integration of electric vehicles can yield benefits for electric vehicle owner, power grid, and the society as a whole. Numerous electric vehicle utilization concepts have been investigated ranging from the simple e.g. delayed charging to the more advanced e.g. utilization of electric vehicles for ancillary services. To arrive at standardized solutions, it is helpful to analyze the market integration and utilization concepts, architectures and technologies used in a set of state-of-the art electric vehicle demonstration projects. The goal of this paper is to highlight different approaches to electric vehicle integration in three such projects and describe the underlying technical components which should be harmonized to support interoperability and a broad set of utilization concepts. The projects investigated are the American University of Delaware's V2G research, the German e-mobility Berlin project and the Danish EDISON project.
Proceedings of 3rd Ieee Pes Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Europe Conference, 2012
Electric vehicles; Distributed Energy Resources; Smart Grid; Standardization; Information and Communications Technology
Main Research Area:
3rd IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT) Europe Conference (IEEE PES ISGT Europe 2012)