Heterometallic [AgFe3S4] iron–sulfur clusters assembled in wild-type Pyrococcus furiosus ferredoxin and two variants, D14C and D14H, are characterized. The crystal structure of the [AgFe3S4] D14C variant shows that the silver(I) ion is indeed part of the cluster and is coordinated to the thiolate group of residue 14. Cyclic voltammetry shows one redox pair with a reduction potential of +220 mV versus the standard hydrogen electrode which is assigned to the [AgFe3S4]2+/+ couple. The oxidized form of the [AgFe3S4] D14C variant is stable in the presence of dioxygen, whereas the oxidized forms of the [AgFe3S4] wild type and D14H variants convert to the [Fe3S4] ferredoxin form. The monovalent d 10 silver(I) ion stabilizes the [Fe3S4]+/0 cluster fragment, as opposed to divalent d 10 metal ions, resulting in more than 0.4 V difference in reduction potentials between the silver(I) and, e.g., zinc(II) heterometallic [MFe3S4] ferredoxins. The trend in reduction potentials for the variants containing the [AgFe3S4] cluster is wild type ≤ D14C <D14H and shows the same trend as reported for the variants containing the [Fe3S4] cluster, but is different from the D14C <D14H <wild type trend reported for the [Fe4S4] ferredoxin. The similarity in the reduction potential trend for the variants containing the heterometallic [AgFe3S4] cluster and the [Fe3S4] cluster can be rationalized in terms of the electrostatic influence of the residue 14 side chains, rather than the dissociation constant of this residue, as is the case for [Fe4S4] ferredoxins. The trends in reduction potentials are in line with there being no electronic coupling between the silver(I) ion and the Fe3S4 fragment.
Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry, 2013, Vol 18, Issue 2, p. 261-276
Ferredoxin; Pyrococcus furiosus; Heterometallic; Silver; Mass spectrometry