In this letter, a novel modified Marchand balun configuration with tunable phase balance is analyzed and verified experimentally. It is proposed to add a shunt susceptance in between the two couplers of the Marchand balun. This allows for a change in the phase balance which, to first order, is linear with the susceptance, while the magnitude balance is kept constant. To verify the proposed configuration, a lumped elementMarchand balun has been fabricated using a SiGe BiCMOS technology. The balun design is centered around 9.4 GHz, with an insertion loss of 6.0 dB. The phase difference between the output ports can be changed from 175.8º to 183º whereas the magnitude imbalance is kept almost constant at 0.3 dB. The balun performs well in the range from 7 to 11 GHz, where it is possible to tune the phase to exactly 180º .
I E E E Microwave and Wireless Components Letters, 2013, Vol 23, Issue 2, p. 66-68