; ; ; ; ; ; ;
1 Water Resources Engineering, Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark 2 Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark 3 Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Biosustainability, Technical University of Denmark 4 CFB - Metagenomic Systems Biology, Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Biosustainability, Technical University of Denmark 5 Residual Resource Engineering, Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark 6 Department of Systems Biology, Technical University of Denmark 7 University of Neuchâtel 8 University of Copenhagen 9 Orbicon
The degradation of chlorinated ethenes and ethanes in clay till was investigated at a contaminated site (Vadsby, Denmark) by high resolution sampling of intact cores combined with groundwater sampling. Over decades of contamination, bioactive zones with degradation of trichloroethene (TCE) and 1,1,1-trichloroethane (1,1,1-TCA) to 1,2-cis-dichloroethene (cis-DCE) and 1,1-dichloroethane, respectively, had developed in most of the clay till matrix. Dehalobacter dominated over Dehalococcoides (Dhc) in the clay till matrix corresponding with stagnation of sequential dechlorination at cis-DCE. Sporadically distributed bioactive zones with partial degradation to ethene were identified in the clay till matrix (thickness from 0.10 to 0.22 m). In one sub-section profile the presence of Dhc with the vcrA gene supported the occurrence of degradation of cis-DCE and VC, and in another enriched δ13C for TCE, cis-DCE and VC documented degradation. Highly enriched δ13C for 1,1,1-TCA (25‰) and cis-DCE (- 4‰) suggested the occurrence of abiotic degradation in a third sub-section profile. Due to fine scale heterogeneity the identification of active degradation zones in the clay till matrix depended on high resolution subsampling of the clay till cores. The study demonstrates that an integrated approach combining chemical analysis, molecular microbial tools and compound specific isotope analysis (CSIA) was required in order to document biotic and abiotic degradations in the clay till system. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 2013, Vol 146, p. 37-50
Ethylene; Groundwater; Isotopes; Trichloroethylene; Dechlorination
Main Research Area: