Arthur, Emmanuel6; Tuller, Markus11; Møldrup, Per8; Resurreccion, Augustus C.9; Meding, Mercer S.11; Kawamoto, Ken12; Komatsu, Toshiko12; de Jonge, Lis Wollesen6
1 Section of Biology and Environmental Science, The Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, VBN2 Department of Chemistry and Bioscience, The Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, VBN3 The Faculty of Engineering and Science (ENG), Aalborg University, VBN4 Water and Environment Research Group, The Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, VBN5 Urban Water and Environment Research Group, The Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, VBN6 Institut for Agroøkologi - Jordfysik og Hydropedologi7 University of Arizona8 Department of Civil Engineering, The Faculty of Engineering and Science, Aalborg University, VBN9 Philippines University10 Saitama University11 University of Arizona12 Saitama University
The dry end of the soil water characteristic (SWC) is important for modeling vapor flow dynamics and predicting soil properties such as specific surface area (SSA) and clay content (CL). Verification of new instrumentation for rapid measurement of the dry end of the SWC is relevant to avoid long equilibration times and potential for hydraulic decoupling. The objectives of this study were to measure both adsorption and desorption branches of the dry end of the SWC for 21 variably-textured Arizona soils using new, fully automated instrumentation (AquaSorp); apply the data to parameterize the Tuller and Or (TO) and new single-parameter non-singularity (SPN) models; and evaluate estimates of SSA from water sorption, ethylene glycol monoethyl ether (EGME), and N2–BET methods. The AquaSorp successfully measured water sorption isotherms (∼140 data points) within a reasonably short time (1–3 d). The SPN model well described the distinct non-singularity between the adsorption and desorption branches, while the TO model captured the adsorption data reasonably well (<5% deviation from measurements), except for matric potentials below –200 MPa. The SSA derived from water sorption and the TO model were comparable to SSAEGME for all soils. The matric potential at “zero” water content was confirmed as the widely accepted value of around –800 MPa. A non-singularity coefficient based on water adsorption at monolayer coverage was positively correlated with CL. Obtained results show the potential of the AquaSorp to accurately measure the dry region of the SWC, providing a rapid determination of SSA.
Soil Science Society of America. Journal, 2013, Vol 77, Issue 1, p. 43-53