1 Department of Clinical Medicine - Center for Music In the Brain, Department of Clinical Medicine, Health, Aarhus University2 Department of Clinical Medicine - Center of Functionally Integrative Neuroscience, Department of Clinical Medicine, Health, Aarhus University3 Department of Clinical Medicine - The Department of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Department of Clinical Medicine, Health, Aarhus University4 Positron Emission Tomography Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Aarhus University, Aarhus University5 Department of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences, Aarhus BSS, Aarhus University6 Department of Clinical Medicine - Center for Music In the Brain, Department of Clinical Medicine, Health, Aarhus University7 Department of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences, Aarhus BSS, Aarhus University
A study on effects of musical ear training after cochlear implantation
This study investigated the effect of a 6-month one-to-one musical ear-training program on the perception of music, speech, and emotional prosody of deaf patients receiving a cochlear implant (CI). Eighteen patients who recently underwent cochlear implantation were assigned to either a musical ear-training group or a control group. The participants in the music group significantly improved in their overall music perception compared with the control group. In particular, their discrimination of timbre, melodic contour, and rhythm improved. Both groups significantly improved in their speech perception; thus, this effect cannot be specifically ascribed to music training. In contrast to the control group, the music group showed an earlier onset of progress in recognition of emotional prosody, whereas end-point performances were comparable. All participants completed the program and showed great enthusiasm for the musical ear training, particularly singing-related activities. If implemented as part of aural/oral rehabilitation therapy, the proposed musical ear-training program could form a valuable complementary method of auditory rehabilitation, and, in the long term, contribute to an improved general quality of life in CI users.
Psychomusicology, 2012, Vol 22, Issue 2, p. 134-151