A Relay Station (RS) uses a buffer to store and process the received data packets before forwarding them. Recently, the buffer has been exploited in one-way relaying to opportunistically schedule the two different links according to their channel quality. The intuition is that, if the channel to the destination is poor, then RS stores more data from the source, in order to use it when the channel to the destination is good. We apply this intuition to the case of half-duplex two-way relaying, where the interactions among the buffers and links become more complex. We investigate the sum-rate maximization problem in the Time Division Broadcast (TDBC): the users send signals to the RS in different time slots, the RS decodes and stores messages in the buffers. For downlink transmission, the RS re-encodes and sends using the optimal broadcast strategy. The operation in each time slot is not determined in advance, but depends on the channel state information (CSI). We derive the decision function for adaptive link selection with respect to CSI using the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker (KKT) conditions. The thresholds of the decision function are obtained under Rayleigh fading channel conditions. The numerical results show that the sum-rate of the adaptive link selection protocol with buffering is significantly larger compared to the reference protocol with fixed transmission schedule.
I E E E Communications Letters, 2013, Vol 17, Issue 1, p. 95-98
two-way relaying; opportunistic link selection; relay-aided buffering