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1 Natural History Museum of Denmark, Natural History Museum of Denmark, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet 2 Department of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, University of Copenhagen 3 Eni spa Environmental Department 4 Department of Biology and Biotechnologies 'Charles Darwin' 5 Roma Tre University 6 Natural History Museum of Denmark, Natural History Museum of Denmark, Faculty of Science, Københavns Universitet
A comparison between different capture methods
Measuring population size is riddled with difficulties for wildlife biologists and managers, and in the case of rare species, it is sometimes practically impossible to estimate abundance, whereas estimation of occupancy is possible. Furthermore, obtaining reliable population size estimates is not straightforward, as different sampling techniques can give misleading results. A mark-recapture study of the endangered saproxylic beetle Osmoderma eremita was performed in central Italy by applying four independent capture methods within a study area where 116 hollow trees were randomly selected to set traps. Detection probability and population size estimates were drawn from each of these four capture methods. There were strong differences in detection probability among methods. Despite using pheromone and beetle manipulation, capture histories were not affected by trap-happiness or trap-shyness. Population size estimates varied considerably in both abundance and precision by capture method. A number of 0. 5 and 0. 2 adult beetles per tree was estimated using the whole data set by closed and open population models, respectively. Pitfall trap appeared the optimal method to detect the occurrence of this species. Since in the southern part of its distribution range, a single population of O. eremita is widespread in the landscape, and includes beetles from more than one hollow tree, conservation efforts should focus not only on preserving few and isolated monumental hollow trees, but should be extended to large stands. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Journal of Insect Conservation, 2013, Vol 17, Issue 1, p. 171-181
Coleoptera Scarabaeidae; Conservation; Dead wood; Occupancy; Population size estimates; Sex pheromone
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