An improved method for calculating force distributions in moment-stiff metal dowel-type timber connections is presented, a method based on use of three-dimensional finite element simulations of timber connections subjected to moment action. The study that was carried out aimed at determining how the slip modulus varies with the angle between the direction of the dowel forces and the fibres in question, as well as how the orthotropic stiffness behaviour of the wood material affects the direction and the size of the forces. It was assumed that the force distribution generated by the moment action taking place strives to minimize the slip rotation between the separate members of a given timber connection. The results of modified hand calculations based on the finite element calculations carried out were found to differ appreciably from the results of conventional hand calculations.
Proceedings of World Conference on Timber Engineering 2012, 2012
Timber connections; FE-simulations; Slip modulus; Orthotropic material