Formal model verification has proven a powerful tool for verifying and validating the properties of a system. Central to this class of techniques is the construction of an accurate formal model for the system being investigated. Unfortunately, manual construction of such models can be a resource demanding process, and this shortcoming has motivated the development of algorithms for automatically learning system models from observed system behaviors. Recently, algorithms have been proposed for learning Markov decision process representations of reactive systems based on alternating sequences of input/output observations. While alleviating the problem of manually constructing a system model, the collection/generation of observed system behaviors can also prove demanding. Consequently we seek to minimize the amount of data required. In this paper we propose an algorithm for learning deterministic Markov decision processes from data by actively guiding the selection of input actions. The algorithm is empirically analyzed by learning system models of slot machines, and it is demonstrated that the proposed active learning procedure can significantly reduce the amount of data required to obtain accurate system models.
International Conference on Machine Learning and Applications (icmla), 2012, p. 289-294