This paper presents fault analysis and protective inductors design for an offshore wind farm, where the power collection system in the wind farm and the power transmission link to the grid adopt high-voltage direct-current (HVDC) technology. This paper focuses on dealing with short-circuit faults in the HVDC link between the offshore station and the onshore station. The transient characteristics of the transmission system are analyzed in detail. The criteria of selecting protective inductors are proposed to effectively limit the short-circuit current and avoid the damage to the converters. A dc grid offshore wind farm is simulated, and the results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed protective inductors design.
I E E E Transactions on Power Delivery, 2013, Vol 28, Issue 1, p. 75-83
DC fault; HVDC; Offshore wind farms; Wind power generation