Engle, J. W.3; Gagnon, K.4; Severin, Gregory1; Valdovinos, H. F.5; Nickles, R. J.5; Barnhart, T. E.5
1 Center for Nuclear Technologies, Technical University of Denmark2 The Hevesy Laboratory, Center for Nuclear Technologies, Technical University of Denmark3 Los Alamos National Laboratory4 University of Washington5 University of Wisconsin-Madison
In order to limit the formation of radioisotopic impurities during proton bombardments of solid targets, two methods of introducing degrader foils into the beam upstream of the target were tested. The first design uses a 445 μm thick fixed degrader machined from a single piece of aluminum. The second design permits introduction of foils made of any material and was tested with foils as thick as 635 μm (also aluminium). In both cases, the foils are cooled with by water flowing through an annular channel outside the radius of the beam. Both designs proved durable and tolerated proton beam currents in excess of 80 μA.
Aip Conference Proceedings - American Institute of Physics, 2012, Vol 1509, Issue 1, p. 25-29
Cyclotron; Degrader; Proton energy; Solid target
Main Research Area:
14th International Workshop on Targetry and Target Chemistry, 2012